Structure, relations and singularities
Translated from French by Patrice Deloche and Nicolas Thouvignon
A way to approach a complex object is to characterize it by its singularities, without excluding however the self-referential aspect of this approach, because the singularities are considered as such only in relation to their neighborhood (local or even global); we might even say that a singularity out of context degenerates as far as meaning is concerned. Within this framework the complex object is generated by the singularities and their relations. The latter constitute a priori a structure independent from the former. The complexity of the object is therefore due to both of these entities.
By applying this model to contemporary humanity we can notice on one hand that the singularities are more easily localized than before, and on the other hand that the structure made of their relations is in an inflationary stage.
Indeed, this structure, which was so to say non-existent a few centuries ago, which arose through time in an indeterministic way or rather directly related to natural and human disasters so that we sometimes call renaissance its occurrence, which then emerged in the industrial era thanks to technique, and which was recreated afterwards under the threat of nuclear war, is now developing through the network. What is most remarkable about this phenomenon is that humanity can consciously participate in the elaboration of this structure. This new possibility brings humanity to an ontological reflection.