52148 - From Italy to Egypt through the EEZ delimitations

N. Lygeros
Translated from the Greek by Athina Kehagias

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With the EEZ delimitation between Greece and Italy, the dynamics of the EEZ has changed.
It is not merely proof that the Greek EEZ constitutes an ontological notion for Greece, which had signed the Law of the Sea in 1982 and ratified that signature in 1995.
Of course, all Greeks after 2012 have learned in a political manner as well, what the EEZ means for the Greek affairs also, however since then, there was no move which took place that is characterized by the terminology de jure.
Now this delimitation functions as a catalyst because it is strong since the demarcation line is the same for both the continental shelf and the EEZ.
The 2020 result tripled the benefit of 1977.
It constitutes a beautiful example of an enhanced agreement.
Consequently it comes strategically as an example initially, but it’s configurated into a model for the ones to follow.
The fact that it has been founded upon the influence of the islands located within the Ionian Sea, enhances our positions for Gavdos and Kastellorizo.
Therefore, Greece can play more dynamically with both Egypt and Libya hereon.
Besides, this approach is also compatible with the positions of Cyprus as well, which managed to form three delimitation agreements with Egypt in 2003, with Lebanon in 2007 and with Israel in 2010.
All of those delimitations took place always based upon the middle line.
Therefore, specifically in the case of the tripartite agreement with Greece, Cyprus and Egypt, the new delimitation seals off the strategic reactions of Greece and Cyprus.
Because the two countries agree upon the middle line context.
And each of them has signed the other agreements in the same manner, consequently it makes sense that there should be a similar agreement with Egypt as well.
In any case, the fact that we agree upon signing at the triple point of contact of the three EEZs of those countries, in actual fact means that we take into account the influence of the Kastellorizian ​​complex.
The contact zone we obtain with Cyprus, which concerns the EEZ, has a length of 48.6 km, and this is attributed to the Kastellorizian ​​complex.
And it exists strictly due to the absolute influence of the complex.
Consequently, the delimitation with Italy functions as an enhancement.