85779 - Transcription: Historical foundations about Jerusalem

N. Lygeros
Translated from the Greek by Athina Kehagias

Since we are of late talking much about Jerusalem, it is good to keep in mind some foundations of History and Archaeology. So the first thing we can say is that the city is inhabited by the Canaanites, and then it will be followed by what we call the Kingdom of Israel and thereafter the Kingdom of Judea. Here we ought to understand that the first reference is actually before 1500 BC and the Kingdom will exist before 1000 BC, so we have to understand that it is a city that is as ancient as could be, which has a huge duration throughout the life of the History of Humanity and we must understand that when we are talking about Jerusalem we ought to be in a chronostrategic context in order to understand the dimensions it obtains, and comprehend how important a city it is. Therefore, it is not merely a local confrontation, as it is often presented now. In actual fact it is something that is much deeper, it belongs to the deep History of Humanity, it is of importance of course from the time of the Bible, the Old Testament and the New Testament, where the references are clear, we know exactly the role that Christ played in this city and how He emerged through this confrontation with the Pharisees, we forget of course to bring to mind that if the Pharisees had such great authority and were against Christ and others followed them, it was simply because they were the ones who had resisted the Seleucid, and what does that mean? It was a form of Hellenization of Judaism at that period, which did not succeed. Therefore the Pharisees are presented as the winners of this confrontation and for this reason they gained great prestige afterwards, and that is the reason they will cause so many problems to Christ. Consequently, the idea is that we have a profundity of time in the region, which should not be examined based only on the current facts, because otherwise we do not understand what is happening with the Temples, both the first and second Temple. If we think that the catastrophe of the second one takes place already in 70 AD we can understand the thickness of History in the region and when we merely observe its ruins, the walls etc., we may not have the impression that it is something ancient, as ancient as they come, which proves even as a ruin a continuation of history.