85848 - Transcription: Israel: Classical use of doctrine in strategy

N. Lygeros
Translated from the Greek Athina Kehagias

When you announce your strategy, it means that you are within the doctrine context.
Doctrine is an exception in strategy, since it is the only element which is visible, strategy remains within the invisible. Consequently when you announce a huge generalized attack, the other expects to have it imposed upon him and to resist in a manner which he has actually thought of, or studied or premeditated in actual fact, but in the end however, because this strategy belongs to this doctrine it may function differently. What do I mean by that? When we have a strategy which really wants to do a generalized attack it has no benefit announcing it in the first place. Secondly, when it announces it, it goes to say that it enables the other to resist in a manner which may even be effective. When however you announce it, because you are within the framework of the doctrine, therefore of the visible, you may also function very tactically. So, even if your attack is generalized, it is not necessary for it to take place on the same day, it can be done with the application of multiple tactics, that is, a tactical operation, which hits a specific point and then returns. It is a form of guerilla activation we may say, which usually uses the opposite, that is, it is in a defensive phase and since it doesn’t have the possibility to go further, it assumes that it can remain at this level of the small war. This theoretical approach was generalized even by Mao, but with large masses. When we examine it with small masses, we understand that the multiple hits on a tactical level make a classic resistance difficult because we don’t know when to activate it. Consequently it is a problem which will cause deterioration within the system. The other thing of course is that in fact, when there is an attack which uses only the tactic and it then returns to its original position, it functions like a small continuation of a Markov chain, since only the present matters for the future. Because in fact effectively it eradicates the tail. Therefore, since there is no cost, this can be done in a multiple manner and could even be done in stages. This does not allow for a classic defense, it does not allow for an effective, rational and generalized defense, because you never know at which point your defense will be attacked, and the other thing we have to understand is that, these small hits, are exactly what we use metaphorically, when we want to break a glass. There is no need to hit the entire glass, it is enough to focus upon one point. If there is a lot of power upon this point, we could at the end with these small local hits, to get a result which is total.
It is good to keep this in mind because, in the field of strategy, not everything works smoothly, there are many techniques which are applied in practice, and what we are observing right now is one of them.